Bootstrapping Hibernate 5 with Spring |

Code Factory
3 min readApr 9, 2020

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1. Overview

In this article, we’ll discuss how to bootstrap Hibernate 5 with Spring, using both Java and XML configuration.

2. Spring Integration

Bootstrapping a SessionFactory with the native Hibernate API is a bit complicated and would take us quite a few lines of code (have a look at the official documentation in case you really need to do that).

Fortunately, Spring supports bootstrapping the SessionFactoryso that we only need a few lines of Java code or XML configuration.

Also, before we jump in, if you’re working with older versions of Hibernate, you can have a look at the articles about Hibernate 3 as well as Hibernate 4 with Spring.

3. Maven Dependencies

Let’s get started by first adding the necessary dependencies to our pom.xml :


The spring-orm module provides the Spring integration with Hibernate :


We’ll use MySQL as our database :


Finally, we are going to use Tomcat JDBC Connection Pooling, which fits better for production purposes than the DriverManagerDataSource provided by Spring :


4. Configuration

As mentioned before, Spring supports us with bootstrapping the Hibernate SessionFactory.

All we have to do is to define some beans as well as a few parameters.

With Spring, we have two options for these configurations, a Java-based and an XML-based way.

4.1. Using Java Configuration

For using Hibernate 5 with Spring, little has changed since Hibernate 4: we have to use LocalSessionFactoryBean from the package org.springframework.orm.hibernate5 instead of org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.

Like with Hibernate 4 before, we have to define beans for LocalSessionFactoryBean, DataSource, and PlatformTransactionManager, as well as some Hibernate-specific properties.

Let’s create our DBConfiguration class to configure Hibernate 5 with Spring:

package com.codeFactory.configuration;import java.util.Properties;import javax.sql.DataSource;import org.apache.tomcat.dbcp.dbcp2.BasicDataSource;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.transaction.PlatformTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement;
public class DBConfiguration {
public LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory() {
LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory = new LocalSessionFactoryBean();
return sessionFactory;
public DataSource dataSource() {
BasicDataSource dataSource = new BasicDataSource();
return dataSource;
public PlatformTransactionManager hibernateTransactionManager() {
HibernateTransactionManager transactionManager = new HibernateTransactionManager();
return transactionManager;
private final Properties hibernateProperties() {
Properties hibernateProperties = new Properties();
hibernateProperties.setProperty("", "update");
hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.dialect", "org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect");
return hibernateProperties;

4.2. Using XML Configuration

As a secondary option, we can also configure Hibernate 5 with an XML-based configuration :

hibernate5Configuration.xml (create file in src/main/resources)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns=""

<bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
<property name="packagesToScan" value="com.codeFactory"/>
<property name="hibernateProperties">
<prop key="">
<prop key="hibernate.dialect">

<bean id="dataSource"
<property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
<property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test_connection"/>
<property name="username" value="root"/>
<property name="password" value="root"/>

<bean id="txManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager">
<property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>


As we can easily see, we’re defining exactly the same beans and parameters as in the Java-based configuration earlier.

To bootstrap the XML into the Spring context, we can use a simple Java configuration file if the application is configured with Java configuration :

package com.codeFactory.configuration;import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ImportResource;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement;
public class DBConfiguration {

Alternatively, we can simply provide the XML file to the Spring Context, if the overall configuration is purely XML.

5. Usage

At this point, Hibernate 5 is fully configured with Spring, and we can inject the raw HibernateSessionFactory directly whenever we need to :

package com.codeFactory.controller;import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
public class Controller {
SessionFactory sessionFactory;